Tue 14 Aug 07, 11:00 p.m.
Good Morning All,
I write about this all the time, so if you want something long-winded, there is plenty of my hot air to be found in the archives here.
The long and the short of it is, however, that REBT-CB–as do some other modern psychological approaches and schools of psychology–encourages people to distinguish between self and behavior, and to recognize judgments or global ratings as irrational and unhelpful, and to instead practice Unconditional Self Acceptance (USA) and Unconditional Other Acceptance (UOA). In this context, calling someone a failure, for example, is not only unkind and unhelpful, it is really quite vacuous semantically. In other words, it has no real meaning. Note that I have underlined the article a to emphasize that this form objectifies an individual, turns him or her into an object, a thing: Oh, look! There is Sally, the thing that fails! How many unfortunate school children end up with this label in the cumulative record following them through their school career like some kind of scarlet letter, effecting the way teachers and admin treat them? It is very unfortunate.
The more you try to define what a failure actually means, the more elusive the meaning becomes. The implication being that a failure is someone who fails 100% of the time . . . which is obviously an absurd proposition. Just think about it. So if no one could fail 100% of the time, exactly when does he or she become a failure? 90%? At 50%, is he or she a failure or a success, or a partial failure or a partial success? What if he or she fails at many things, but does one thing, perhaps playing the piano, splendidly? The point being that most of us are hypnotized into operating within this vacuous semantic set, and we take it for granted that when we call someone (or yourself) a name, it has some tangible meaning. It does not! I realize that this proposition is startling and abrasive to some people, but there you have it!
This is a perennial debate, and some people object strenuously to my proposition. Paraphrasing, Don't be daft! they say. Surely behavior is a product and and extension of self therefore, behavior and self are indistinguishable?
Philosophers, theologians, psychologists and scientists have been pondering and debating the nature of the self from from ancient times. So, far no one has resolved that debate. There is no universally agreed upon definition of the self. Quite the contrary. Yes, there are very strong opinions about it, and profound expressions of faith describing and defining what it is, yet we are still left with speculation and opinion. This, again, upsets people, but I reckon it only upsets those who have not taken the time to think about it deeply and with intellectual honesty. So, therefore, as there is no universally accepted definition of what the self is, you get to choose whichever one you like! Deciding that you are Napoleon or a ripe casaba melon are probably not helpful choices, but within certain common sense, rational framework, you get to choose.
So, if you get to choose, what will you choose? As we say in Thailand, "Up to you, lah!" However, from an REBT-CBT standpoint, within the context of this discussion, please choose a self (concept) that cannot be rated as good or bad, or any other way. In other words, a concept of self that does not allow you to say "I am a good guy" or "I am a bad guy" or any of the myriad variations on that theme. No rating, no downing, no labeling, no name calling, neither good nor bad. And if you cannot or do not rate your self, the same applies to the self of other people.
Is that even possible? Sure it is! It's even easy! One one of the easiest ways is to use "ePrime." a form of English that eliminates the use of all forms of the verb "to be." So, in ePrime, you simply cannot say, "Rex is a jerk!" because the structure to do that does not exist in ePrime. You are literally forced by the syntax and grammar of ePrime to say something to the effect of, "Rex did a jerky thing when he advised me to distinguish between self and behavior." The obvious advantage being that this forces you to (1) describe behavior, not self, and forces you to (2) be more specific. In the example above, the issue becomes a statement I made that you object to, not my "nature" or essential self being this thing called a jerk. Now your objection has flesh and bones and substance. It is something real and actual that we can discuss and perhaps do something about.
However, even if you don't fancy ePrime (it does become unwieldy and awkward sounding), you may still readily choose a concept of self that cannot be rated: a "soul," consciousness, a bundle of synaptic responses, a bunch of conditioned reflexes, brain chemistry, a child of the living god, an individuation of infinite mind, a cloud of atoms, the proverbial 98 cents worth of chemicals. It doesn't matter for our purposes so long as it cannot be rated or at least discourages so doing.
So, if my concept of self is 98 cents worth of chemicals, my 98 cents worth of chemical are not good or bad, they simply are 98 cents worth of chemicals. And my 98 cents worth of chemicals are no better and no worse than anyone else's 98 cents worth of chemicals. It's all the same. Even Hitler's 98 cents worth of chemicals are no different, no better and no worse than my 98 cents worth of chemicals. Now, don't' react! We are not talking here about Hitler's murderous, campaign of conquest, destruction and genocide. We are talking about the "essential self." This upsets Christians because they believe Hitler to be evil. This is surprising as Christians also believe that "free will" is fundamental to Christian theology. So if one is truly "evil" at his or her very essence, how could they possible be free to act constructively and positively? Surely, if they are truly evil, they must in fact act in accord with their evil nature, and therefore cannot exercise free will. In a seeming contradiction, many Christians advocate hating the sin but loving the sinner, which is not so very different from the REBT world view.
So in REBT-CBT, we practice the discipline of judging or rating behavior, but not the essential self, and even in the case of judging behavior, I reckon most REBT oriented people would caution against judging to the point of being judgmental; judging in an exaggerated, global way. So, how to think about and deal with "immoral" behavior. We would say that while "Jones often acts immorally", that is a very, very different thing than "Jones is a immoral person." An obvious example would be the cliché of the ruthless Mafioso who nonetheless contributes lavishly to charity, is kind to his family, and does good works in the community. To take a bit of poetic license here and speak outside of my semantic guidelines of non-labeling: Sometimes good people do bad things, and sometimes bad people do good things. It make my point, but I still cringe a little using that language. I'm not smart enough to sort that one out. I only know that if you choose a concept of self that cannot be rated, you are forced to judge behavior, not self, with has many tangible benefits. By forcing us to be specific about behavior, it opens may possibilities for real intimacy and open, honest communication, and thus real problem solving rather than simply exchanging painful transactions. Not the least of the benefits is escaping from the Self Esteem Racket! If I practice self acceptance rather than self rating, self downing, I no longer deal with and provoke issues of "low self esteem." That allows me to avoid and escape form chronic self-loathing and depression.
Still, none of this is written in stone, I suppose. It comprises my world-view, but I can't prove it as a literal, actual thing, scientific thing. And as such, I would not hope to persuade you of the "truth" of what I am saying, only hope that you would be intrigued enough to think more deeply about it, particularly in the sense that judging oneself leads to guilt, shame, self-loathing; in popular terms, loss of self esteem, which leads to depression and anxiety and other emotional disturbance, which leads to self-defeating behavior. Judging the self of others, provokes anger and disgust, in some cases rage, which driven by the irrational belief that bad people deserve to be punished, can lead to acts of injustice and violence. People die at the hand of this distorted belief at home and abroad every day. Probably in your own social circle, this may operate in subtle ways making it tricky to identify. However, there are plenty of historical and contemporary examples of terrorism, revolution, racial and religious prejudice which would seem to be almost entirely driven by the twin irrational beliefs: He is a shit . . . and shits deserve to be punished.
Although our approach to this may piss some people off, REBT is not anti-social nor amoral. Not by a long shot. REBT recognizes that people live in social groups, and as such, it contributes to short and long-range happiness to live as harmoniously and cooperatively as possible within your social group. And within that context, it simply makes no sense and serves no practical purpose to attack others (or our) essential self. If you must judge, judge behavior, not self.
Khon Kaen, Thailand
Tags: self vs. behavior
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